List and describe the main functions and features of a port

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Instructions to candidates:


a) Time allowed: Three hours (plus an extra ten minutes’ reading time at the start – do not write anything during this time)

b) Answer any FIVE questions

c) All questions carry equal marks. Marks for each question are shown in [ ]


1. a) List and describe the main functions and features of a port. [8]

   b) In tabular form list the main facilities and services provided by a port. [12]


2. a) Explain what is meant by ‘silent VTS’ (Vessel Traffic Services) and how it works. [10]

    b) List and describe the THREE basic types of VTS. [10]


3. a) List the elements of safety that make a port safe. [10]

    b) What are the SIX main conclusions of the UK Pilotage Act of 1987? [10]


4. Port development is said to fall under four headings: First, second, third and fourth generations. Using a table, summarize the differences between them. [20]


5. a) There are considered to be four approaches to port pricing. List and describe ALL of them. [10]

    b) What is the three-step methodology for setting prices advocated by Dowd and Fleming (Maritime Policy & Management)? [10]


6. Explain the following cargo handling terms:


a) The two types of dunnage

b) Angle of repose

c) Stowage factor

d) Deadweight cargo

e) Broken stowage [20]


7. It is suggested a SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) is a useful tool in assessing a port’s competitive position.


a) List and explain the elements to be considered in this analysis. [10]

b) What are considered to be ‘wildcards’ affecting a port’s growth? [10]


8. Competing ports need to be viewed by exporters’ and importers’ perspectives. Using a table, show both port selection and port services criteria. In addition what are considered to be the most important factors? [20]

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