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Which of the following is notan element of the “Socratic method?

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P120 – Ethics

1. Which of the following is notan element of the “Socratic method?”

a. Dialectic

b. Ignorance

c. Rhetoric

d. Irony

e. Maieutics

2. Which element of the “Socratic method” includes a structure of conversation characterized by a thesis, antithesis and synthesis?

a. Dialectic

b. Ignorance

c. Rhetoric

d. Irony

e. Maieutics

3. What is Socrates’ main objection to Euthyphro’s claim that Justice is what the gods love?

a. The gods do not love Euthyphro’s act of prosecuting his father.

b. This claim provides an example, but not a definition.

c. The gods disagree with one another.

d. Euthyphro is not obeying his conscience.

e. The gods do not love Justice.

4. Which of these does Plato suggest is the principal reason that Socrates’ conduct incurred the disapproval of the government?

a. Socrates charged too much money for his services.

b. Socrates denied Euthyphro’s claim that what all the gods love is Just.

c. Socrates treated the oracle at Delphi in a disrespectful manner.

d. Socrates was perceived as a challenge to people in positions of authority.

e. Plato does not suggest that the government disapproved of Socrates’ conduct.

5. For what crime is Euthyphro prosecuting his father?

a. Atheism

b. Teaching false gods

c. Corrupting the youth

d. Murder

e. Sophism

6. In Plato’s Apology, which of the following does Socrates identify as an “old charge” against him?

a. Teaching false gods

b. Atheism

c. Corrupting the youth

d. Murder

e. Sophism

7. Which of the following statements best characterizes Socrates’ beliefs concerning “virtue?”

a. Virtue is knowledge of moral truth

b. The virtuous person holds the same set of values in all circumstances

c. The virtuous person does what their conscience says regardless of danger or fear of death

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

8. Which of the following does Socrates identify as a metaphysical self?

a. Plato

b. Euthyphro

c. Crito

d. A person’s physical body

e. A person’s conscience

9. According to Socrates, what is the proper understanding of death in relation to one’s moral duty?

a. To fear death is unwise, since no one knows what happens after death

b. Death is morally irrelevant, since death is a physical event but the self is metaphysical

c. It is not right to lose one’s life when one can save it, the most important thing is life

d. All of the above.

e. a. and b. only

10. How does Socrates defend himself against the accusation that he is a sophist?

a. By presenting himself as an “accomplished speaker”

b. By proving that he really does believe in gods

c. By reminding the jury that he does not accept payment and is poor

d. By making his frequent vow “by the dog!”

e. None of the above, Socrates admits to being a sophist

11. Which of the following is true of Socrates’ use of the term “shame?”

a. Shame is the destruction of the self

b. Shame is caused by not being true to one’s conscience

c. The virtuous person can have no shame

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

12. According to Socrates, between which parties does the social contract exist?

a. The social contract exists between individual members within society

b. The social contract exists between collective groups within society

c. The social contract exists between Socrates and Crito

d. The social contract exists between Crito and the government in the form of their agreement to let Socrates escape

e. The social contract exists between the individual citizen and the state

13. According to Socrates, what are the criteria for implied consent in establishing the social contract?

a. One has reasonable opportunities to leave and/or dissent, and actually takes advantage of those opportunities

b. One has reasonable opportunities to leave and/or dissent, and does not take advantage of those opportunities

c. One explicitly consents by a written or oral statement

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

14. How does Socrates describe the specific terms of the “social contract?”

a. One may obey the laws

b. One may try to persuade the laws to change

c. One may break the laws

d. a. and b.

e. a. and b. and c.

15. Which of these statements best describes Socrates’ understanding of Justice as expressed in Crito?

a. If one has been wronged, then one may do wrong in return

b. It is not right to lose one’s life when one can save it, the most important thing is life

c. One may never do wrong, even if one has oneself been wronged

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

16. According to Martin Luther King, Jr., why do we have a moral duty to break laws that are unjust?

a. An unjust law is no law at all

b. Respect for Law means acting justly, and one cannot act justly while obeying an unjust law

c. One must arouse the conscience of the community when injustice is present

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

17. In his Letter from Birmingham Jail, why does Martin Luther King, Jr., say that he is in Birmingham?

a. Because there is injustice in Birmingham

b. Because he was invited to Birmingham

c. Because he has organizational ties in Birmingham

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

18. Which of these best characterizes King’s description of the difference between Just and Unjust laws?

a. Just laws have the support of the majority, Unjust laws do not

b. Just laws make people happy, Unjust laws do not

c. Just laws are formed by explicit consent, Unjust laws are formed by implied consent

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

19. Which of these best characterizes King’s description of the difference between Just and Unjust laws?

a. Just laws are rational, Unjust laws are irrational

b. Just laws distinguish between persons and objects, Unjust laws do not

c. Just laws are consistent with history, Unjust laws are not

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

20. Which of these best characterizes King’s description of the difference between Just and Unjust laws?

a. Just laws are binding on lawmakers, Unjust laws are not

b. Just laws treat all people the same, Unjust laws do not

c. Just laws are based on principles of retribution, Unjust laws are not

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

For questions 21-25, please indicate whether the statement is True or False (4 points each).

21. ________ Emotivism is a philosophical position which holds that emotions are not real and may, therefore, be ignored.


22. ________ Psychological egoism asserts that people’s actions are always motivated by self-interest.


23. ________ A “moral skeptic” is someone who believes that moral truths cannot be known with certainty.


24. ________ Socrates was a moral skeptic.



25. ________ Socrates claims that death is morally irrelevant because he knows that the soul is immortal.



Extra Credit (5 points): True or False?

_________ According to Socrates, in order to be wise one must possess much knowledge


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