In the late 17th century, the vast majority of Native Americans in the present US had already died of diseases like smallpox and measles. For example, in King Phillips’ War from 1675-1678, a coalition of five “powerful” tribes only contained a total of perhaps 10,000 people and of course far fewer warriors. Despite the fact that many possessed guns, they were simply too outnumbered by settlers; there were 80,000 English colonists in the same area in 1675. As American colonists expanded, natives everywhere fell to the same pattern. Massive deaths to disease and ineffectual resistance even when modern weapons were adopted.
Tecumseh’s Confederacy which seems to be the focus of the original question could never muster more than a few hundred warriors in a single place, not enough to fight back, no matter how advanced its forces were. It hardly helped that they were never given enough time to fully create a modern state, which would have required a complete overhaul of native ideas, which never considered unity between the different tribes.
What were the main problems with the Articles of Confederation that led to the Constitutional Convention of 1787? How did the national government under the Constitution differ from the Articles of Confederation? Provide your reference/citation.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
Following is a list of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation that would quickly lead to problems which the founding fathers realized would not be fixable under the current form of government. These included the following:
- Each state only had one vote in Congress, regardless of size.
- Congress did not have the power to tax.
- Congress did not have the power to regulate foreign and interstate commerce.
- There was no executive branch to enforce any acts passed by Congress.
- There was no national court system.
- Amendments to the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote.
- Laws required a 9/13 majority to pass in Congress.
Under the Articles of Confederation, each state was concerned with preserving their own sovereignty and power. This led to frequent arguments between the states.
In addition, the states would not willingly give money to financially support the national government.
The national government was powerless to enforce any acts that Congress passed. Further, some states began to make agreements with foreign governments. Almost every state had its own military. Each printed its own money. This along with issues with trade meant that there was no stable economy.
Compare Erasmus and Luther in their attempts to bring about religious reform. Consider the role of the printing press and the actions of German princes in helping Luther to succeed. Next, identify one (1) example of the Protestant Reformation’s impact on visual arts. Pretend you are in a company or some other group in which you feel there is corruption. (Use a real incident if you wish). You have the option of remaining and working for reform from within, or of leaving and hoping to start or land something new. Describe your decision and the “dangers” of that decision, and describe the factors that you had to consider.
Luther wanted the truth in the reformation in the church that would be a reformation in doctrines and practices while Erasmus cared little about a right knowledge of truth and simply wanted moral reforms in the Roman Catholic Church and didn`t want to leave the church and remained supportive of the Pope of the Roman Catholic.