Jul 17, 2017 Research papers

What are the major economic considerations in information security and management?

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Economics: Cost/benefit & Incentive Design


Cost Benefit Analysis: 

Revisit Bruce Schneier`s presentation in module two. This time, please focus on his discussions on cost/benefit analysis.

Multi-media Presentation by Schneier, Bruce. (2008) Reconceptualizing Security on topics of Security Feeling, Reality and Model. Infosecurity Europe, April 23, 2008. Video BruceSchneier

Audio Hall_of_Fame_BruceSchneier.mp3

If you don`t have access to the multimedia presentation, then simply read his article mentioned in module two. The article is:

Schneier, Bruce. The Psychology of Security. http://www.schneier.com/essay-155.html

The following article provides an example how such a cost/benefit analysis is considered.

Schneier, Bruce. Security at What Cost? National ID System Is Not Worth The $23 Billion Price Tag. http://www.schneier.com/essay-207.html.

The following article uses some typical accounting measurements for economics of information security.

Gordon, L. A., & Richardson, R. (2004). The New Economics of Information Security. Optimize. April 2004. p83-867 (Trident library)

The following article recaps what we talked about perceptions of security. More importantly, it discusses how people generally do not perceive gains and costs equally. When you conduct a cost/benefit analysis of security, you should keep that in mind.

West, Ryan (2008). The Psychology of Security. Communications of the ACM, Apr2008, Vol. 51 Issue 4. pp34-40.

II.Incentive Design: 

The economics of information security is not only about cost/benefit analysis of implementing a security measure. Another major topic in economics is mechanism design, which provides principles and methods (like game theory) to help design incentive-compatible mechanisms that ensure participants are better off behaving honestly than dishonestly. See the following article to get a peek:

The Economist. (2007) Intelligent Design. Oct 18th, 2007. http://www.economist.com/finance/displaystory.cfm?story_id=9988840

To know more about the three Nobel Prize winners in 2007 economics division, surf http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2007/ and check them out.

It is not easy to understand the revelation principle or the incentive-compatible design. I introduce you the concepts here for the purpose of making you aware of such a method. It takes time to learn how to design a game (a mechanism) that every party is better off by being honest.

Well, on a lighter note. Interestingly, a movie called "Mad Money" tells a story of three female employees of the Federal Reserve Bank stealing money that is about to be shredded. It is not a movie that I recommend to watch a second time, but it is entertaining enough to watch once. The movie is also a fit for the educational purpose here. I suggest you watch it once when you get a chance during this term, and pay special attention to the human factors -- especially the incentives of the thieves and the Chief Security Officer.

III.Other Economics Issues as to Security: 

As a matter of fact, there are many aspects in applying economics to information security. The following article has mentioned a list of authors that research economics of information security and provided a brief overview of their research:

Anderson R. and Schneier B., (2005) Economics of Information Security, IEEE Security and Privacy 3 (1), 2005, pp. 12-13. (Retrieved May 19, 2008).

To know more in depth, you can choose to view the video (optional):

Simonyi Konferencia 2011 - Economics of Information Security and Privacy. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSfH80DY6S4

You are probably overwhelmed now with all these economics. I hope you also have broadened your views on security and have said "wow" to yourself that now you hold a much broader view on security and how to approach it from economic perspective.

Please write a 4- to 6-page paper discussing what you have learned:

What are the economic considerations of information security and its management?

In preparing your paper, you need to discuss the following issues, and support with arguments and evidence:

•What are the major economic considerations in information security and management?

•Are these economic considerations serving their purposes?

•Why do these economic measures help?

•Discuss economic mechanisms that can improve information security and management.

•Provide a comparative table of the economic measures that you discussed. 

Assignment Expectations (50 points total)

Length: Minimum 4–6 pages excluding cover page and references (since a page is about 300 words, this is approximately 1,200–1,800 words).

Assignment-driven criteria (25 points): Demonstrates clear understanding of the subject and addresses all key elements of the assignment.

Critical thinking (10 points): Demonstrates mastery conceptualizing the problem. Shows analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of required material.

Scholarly writing (5 points): Demonstrates writing proficiency at the academic level of the course; addresses the Learning Outcomes of the assignment.

Quality of references (4 points) and assignment organization (3 points): Uses relevant and credible sources to support assertions. Assignment is well organized and follows the structure of a well-written paper.

Citing sources (3 points): Uses in-text citations and properly formats references in APA style.


Economics: Cost/benefit & Incentive Design Name Course Instructor Date Economic considerations in information security and management Information security relates to the need to protect information and information systems from threats of damage and unauthorized access. In other words, there is a need to maintain confidentiality of information, highlighting the need to put in place measures to avoid unauthorized data access. People typically assume that there are less vulnerable to security than they actual are, and such perceptions about risk place computer users at a more vulnerable position as they are lax on information security (West, 2008). Even though total security cannot be guaranteed, the benefits of better security measures outweigh the costs. Economic considerations of information security have garnered interest more than ever before. One of the most common considerations is the cost implication of poorly secured information systems. Given that electronic fraudsters are being more audacious, the implications for organizations and individuals are that poor computer security might lead to economic loss to computer users. It is noteworthy that internet is vulnerable to attacks because the liability diffuses too many people. In any case, organizations are aware of the benefits of secure information syste


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