Protein synthesis is a process where individual cells manage to build their specific proteins. In this process, there is the involvement of both deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and the function of the ribonucleic acids (RNA). The DNA in the nucleus initiates protein synthesis but the actual protein synthesis occurs in the ribosomes. The DNA has three main components, which are deoxyribose sugar, thymine (T), adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G) nucleotides, and they are double stranded. The RNA molecules are different from the DNA molecules in various ways. They are single stranded, the sugar component is ribose, and they have uracil (U) nucleotides. Given that they have single strands, they do not form helices and instead fold into complex structures (Hershey & Merrick, 2000).