The First Amendment to the Constitution states “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
In 2015, Presidential candidate Donald Trump proposed that he would consider shutting down mosques in the U.S. Assume for the purposes of this assignment that Donald Trump was elected president in 2016 and that he wrote executive orders mandating that these proposals become policy.
•Would Trump’s policies violate the First Amendment? Explain.
•Consider Donald Trump’s statements from a Constitutional perspective. ◦Suppose you are the lawyer involved in this case. Which side would you choose to represent, the U.S. Government as the defendant or the congregation of a Muslim mosque as the plaintiffs? Explain.
After deciding your position, please make arguments on behalf of your client (either the U.S. Government or the Muslim Congregation). Explain your position using your interpretation of the Constitution and relevant case law.
PROMPT#2- The First Amendment Name Institution Date The First Amendment to the Constitution states “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” Background and policies violate the First Amendment Even though, the US has been a Judeo-Christian since the country was founded, the First Amendment protected the freedom of religion, speech, press, as well as petition. The First Amendment highlights that Congress is not to use laws that establish an official religion or try to prohibit free exercise of religion. Christianity is and was the main religion during the era of the founding fathers, but the Constitution framers did not make exclusionary claims referencing one religion or denomination over others. Hence, the policies of Donald Trump would be violating the First Amendment. In analyzing the provisions of the First Amendment, the establishment and free exercise clause are considered to determine whether the proposal to close Mosque violates the first Amendment. Muslim mosque as the plaintiffs As a lawyer, I would choose to represent the Muslim