Carbohydrates and Lipids
Carbon is mainly found in organic compounds. There are four main classes of organic compounds namely lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acid. All the other classes apart but lipids are polymers. Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and have a general formula of Cn(H2O)n. There are simple carbohydrates for example monosaccharides and complex ones for example polysaccharides. Basically, carbohydrates are categorized into three: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides.
Monosaccharides are characterized by a sweet taste, low molecular mass, and solubility nature. Usually, they are named with suffix-ose and have a general formula of (CH2O)n where n represents the number of carbon molecules. Monosaccharides are therefore classified using the n for example, when n=3, it is called triose, when n=4, it is call