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Topic: M7A1 Project 4 Assignment: Merton is Theory of Deviance
By the end of this activity, you will be able to:
Acquire a basic understanding of classical and contemporary social theory
Identify and explain the major legal, criminological, and sociological theories underlying the criminal justice system (Criminal Justice Major Outcome #2).
Discuss Merton`s theory of latent and manifest functions and dysfunction as an explanation of deviance. Research his Strain Theory and explain whether it adequately explains deviance and crime in our society.
Additional resources used to answer the question need to be identified - wikipedia and other non peer reviewed sources will not be accepted. You may use information from other Sociology or Criminal Justice textbooks.
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M7A1: PROJECT 4 Name: Institution: Course: Date: Merton is Theory of Deviance Merton`s theory of latent and manifest functions and dysfunction has taken a central role in understanding deviance in society. Merton sees deviance as the inconsistency of what the society defines as success and the appropriate ways the societal culture deems appropriate to achieve that success. If the means used to achieve the societal definition of success are not consistent with the expectations of the society, the individual is perceived to be deviant. Merton also coined the theory of latent and manifest to attempt to explain what causes deviance in the society. He defined manifest functions as those intentional and recognized consequences of an action to the society while latent dysfunctions are the oblivious impact of the same action to the society. Crime in the society can be because of latent or manifest action or actions by an individual or a group of people. In this article, Merton`s theory of manifest and latent are critically evaluated to find out whether they can explain deviance and crime in the society while featuring his strain theory. Merton perspective of societal functionalism mounts pressure on each person to perform as per the expectations of the society for it to function. He describes a society as a complex system just like the interrelationship of organs in an organism. The input of an individual is important to the society, and if an individual fails to meet the...