Enzymes Student’s Name
Enzymes as Biological Catalyst
Enzymes refers to the protein chemical that acts as a catalyst to speed up chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy required. In other words, It catalyses nearly all the chemical reactions that occurs in the body cells (Hanninen & Atalay, 2009).
Enzymes have an adapted special three- dimensional shape that gives it a large surface area to fit into the shapes of the reactants. Reactants are also known as substrates.
An enzyme has a section known as the active site, which is very essential (Hanninen & Atalay, 2009). The active site has a unique shape and chemical surroundings that makes the chemical reactions easy and faster. In other words, the active part of an enzyme is a part inside the enzyme that fits into the shape of a substrate molecules (DeChancie, 2008).
The amino acid align in series of chains to cover the substrate through salt-bridges, H-bonding, as well as hydrophobic interactions. When the reactions is fully complete, products are released, as they no longer fit the active sites after the reactions. Sometimes additional ...