Integrate by discussion the properties of life, basic chemical terminology, and molecules and compounds of a cell necessary for life. Include the basic anatomy and physiology of a cell and describe how cell respiration, photosynthesis, and cell reproduction occur in a succinct manner. Include a brief discussion about Mendel`s Laws and an overview of DNA structure and function. Conclude with a discussion of cancer and the mechanisms of gene control.
Basic Biology Student`s Name Institutional Affiliation Basic Biology A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life. The body is made up of billions of cells. The cells are self-making, that is, new cells are made from existing cells through cell division. It is through cell division that the cells increase and thus the body grows. The cell is the source of properties of life such as reproduction, metabolism and use of energy. Cells are divided into two; prokaryotic and prokaryotic. Prokaryotic cells do not have a prominent nucleus as well as chromosomal proteins (Russell, Hertz, & McMillan, 2016). The nucleus is not prominent since it lacks a nuclear membrane. An example is a bacterial cell. Eukaryotic cells, on the other hand, contain a nuclear membrane, prominent nucleus alongside many other cell organelles. An example is a human cell. A eukaryotic cell is made up of the following cell organelles; nucleus, chromosomes, cytoplasmic organelles and cell membrane. The nucleus is the major control center of the cell where the DNA is located. The DNA is contained within the chromosomes. DNA replication and transcription occurs in the nucleus (Russell, Hertz, & McMillan, 2016). The DNA is transcribed