Write a 2- to 3-page paper that addresses the following:
Describe the pathophysiological mechanisms of chronic asthma and acute asthma exacerbation. Be sure to explain the changes in the arterial blood gas patterns during an exacerbation.
Explain how the factor you selected might impact the pathophysiology of both disorders. Describe how you would diagnose and prescribe treatment for a patient based on the factor you selected.
Construct two mind maps—one for chronic asthma and one for acute asthma exacerbation. Include the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation, as well as the diagnosis and treatment you explained in your paper.
The School requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references.
Asthma refers to a complicated clinical disease of chronic airway soreness and inflammation characterized by, reversible, recurrent, airway blockades. Airway swelling also triggers airway hyperactivity that causes the airways to thin in response to several stimuli. In other words the respiratory inner organs becomes swollen and sore, making them sensitive and reactive to things that patient find irritating or allergic. The common symptoms include wheezing, chest lightness shortness, dyspnea as well as morning cough. Therefore, the paper seeks to describe the pathophysiological mechanisms of chronic asthma and acute asthma exacerbation, particularly explaining he changes in the arterial blood gas patterns during an exacerbation.
Pathophysiology of Asthma
The illness is characterized by involuntary airways narrowing, hence increasing the vulnerability of airways organs as they become more responsive to inhaled spasmogens, and an eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrate (Barnes, Rodger, & Thomson, 2013). Over the past two decades, the US has seen an increase in prevalence morbidity and mortality rates. The factors has managed the process (Barnes, Rodger, & Thomson, 2013) According to CDC, the observed increase is due to the genetic influences such as air pollution, diet, and lifesty