Students will write an essay, 1000-1500 words in length, on the topic below. The purpose of the project is to give students an opportunity to discuss key political science concepts, and to show a basic understanding of academic research and reporting skills. The project consists of producing a 1000-1500 word essay, as well as a works cited page for sources containing information used in the essay. The assignment is to be formatted according to the Modern Language Association (MLA) style. Students should research this style in order to properly format the assignment; papers not formatted properly will not receive a passing grade.
In Lesson 3, the authors provide an in-depth discussion of voter turnout, the use of campaign contributions by lobbies, and the characteristics and functions of American political parties. Essay`s should include the following:
Explain how voter turnout is measured.
Compare voter turnout in the U.S. with that in other countries.
Describe the factors that affect the level of voter turnout in the United States.
Compare voter turnout in Texas to that in the United States as a whole.
Identify the historic and contemporary factors which have led to a culture of low voter turnout in Texas.
How do you think voter turnout could be increased in Texas?
Describe the use of campaign contributions by lobbies and explain the extent to which lobbying is regulated in Texas.
Identify the organization responsible for overseeing lobbying in Texas.
Compare regulation of campaign finance at the national and state level (in Texas).
What appears to be difference in approach between the two?
Which method do you believe is better for purposes of maintaining the integrity of the election process?
Describe the characteristics and functions of American political parties.
Explain the relationship between the national political parties and the state political parties.
Review the Texas Democratic Party platform and the Texas Republican Party platform and explain the differences.
Compare each state party platform to its national party platform counterpart and explain the differences between the national and state party platforms.
Why do you believe differences would exist between the national and state party platforms?
Name: Course: Professor: Date: Texas Government Lesson 3 Introduction Participation is an important process within a democratic political system. Even though the political system is gradually being liberalized to increase the levels of participation, citizen involvement is yet to increase as expected. Measuring voter turnout can be analyzed looking at the casted votes versus the percentage of the eligible voters. However, eligibility can be affected by factors like citizenship, residency, imprisonment and other legal requirements (Carsey and Harden 136). Measuring voters’ turnout can be calculated based on an estimated voting age population. Voting-age population is the preferable measure because eliminates the various variation of the voting requirement that can affect voter turnout (Carsey and Harden 136). Voter Turnout in the U.S. Compared to Other Countries High voter turnout is desirable because it means the current political system is legitimate, while low turnout reflects indifferences. Low turnout would mean the people‘s will has not been fulfilled. Low turnouts result to unequal representation, especially among marginalized groups. The rate of participation of voters in the US is lower than it was in the nineteenth century. By then 80 percent of eligible voters actively participated in all the general elections (Hicken and Stoll 36). Compared to the US high voter turnout is witnessed in Australia due to strict voters regulations. In Belgium, voters ...