Jul 16, 2017 Research papers

Temperate Grassland

This paper concentrates on the primary theme of Temperate Grassland in which you have to explain and evaluate its intricate aspects in detail. In addition to this, this paper has been reviewed and purchased by most of the students hence; it has been rated 4.8 points on the scale of 5 points. Besides, the price of this paper starts from £ 40. For more details and full access to the paper, please refer to the site.

Temperate Grassland

INSTRUCTIONS:

M1A1: Field Project One: Quantifying variables in a field setting



Introduction



You begin this project in this module, Module 1, and turn in your report by the end of Module 2. The goal of the project is to practice a technique that enables you to systematically evaluate the organisms in a particular area. In a larger study, you repeat steps 1 – 7 until you had a representative sample of the area you are interested in.



Instructions



Step 1: select an outdoor site, describe boundaries, identify terrestrial ecosystem



(Students who have no access to any outdoors area should contact the instructor about using an indoor or artificial population.)



The site needs a definitive boundary. Describe the boundary in biological terms, not walls or sidewalks. Is the boundary natural? Sites do not necessarily have distinct boundaries that you can see. 



Review terrestrial ecosystems in Chapter 23 to determine in which ecosystem your site belongs and identify it.



Step 2: Select a plot within the site.



Your site may be many acres or more. It is not practical to sample the entire site, so you will choose a subsection of the site. The subsection, the area that is being sampled, is called the ‘plot.’



Try to make your plot square. One way ecologists make square plots is with a compass. Ecologists sometimes build a square frame and throw that on the ground. 



Delineate your plot. Use stakes, nails, rope, popsicle sticks, rocks, etc… but the plot must have distinct boundary.



Step 3: Describe, diagram (draw or photograph), and measure the plot.



Measure: record the exact area in a metric unit of your choice (i.e. m2).



Step 4: Choose two types of organisms within the plot, identify and describe each.



This could include an insect, seed (remember each seed is an organism), or any type of plant, animal, fungus, etc…Describe and identify, using biological classification, to the species level if possible.



Step 5: Choose at least one variable to categorize each organism.



A variable is a characteristic that varies. For example height, weight, color, presence or absence of something, "has a flower" or "does not have a flower.” You may use the same variable for each type of organism. The variable could be size. A variable is a characteristic that varies. Your count is an experiment and NEEDS to be reproducible. So if your variable is height, can you classify the plant as “tall” and “short”? Clearly you could use those words, but they need to be defined in such a way that someone else could reproduce this count.



Step 6: Count the members of each organism and group according to the chosen variables.



This is not a trivial step! You need to design a method to obtain an accurate count of a living thing. How are you getting an accurate count? Did you count some and extrapolate? Are they moving?



Step 7: Present your information graphically.



Any graphic (table, chart, diagram…) except a photo is acceptable.



Step 8: Analyze and discuss findings



Your final report will use the following subheadings:



Introduction

Site description

Plot description

Organisms

Organism variables

Methods

Results

Discussion

The INTRODUCTION tells us why you choose this site, perhaps why you thought it might be interesting, the terrestrial ecosystem you are working in, and some background info on the organisms you’re working with.



In the METHODS section you will describe exactly what you did in a manner specific enough to be replicable. (This allows another researcher to repeat your study)



The RESULTS section will include your graphics and written results.



The DISCUSSION will sum up the significance of what you found. What did you learn? How could you apply this information to another project or idea? Why did you choose the size plot that you did?

CONTENT:

Temperate Grassland Name: Institution: Course: Date: Ecology Introduction The temperate grassland is a great choice, mainly because it one of the most interesting ecosystem on earth. It one that has inspired millions of people to travel the world and visits the expansive bounds of the ecosystem as they enjoy to watch the various animals found here. It is one of the major ecosystems that support tourism in most countries across the globe especially those to the north and south of the equator, approximately 23.5 degrees on either side. As such it is quite interesting to get to study one of the areas falling under the ecosystem, with significance in mind(Defenders of Wildlife, 2012). Ecosystem Also referred to as the temperate grassland, it is an ecosystem that is characterized by grass with the shrubs and trees being absent. As such, grass is the dominant organism, spreading for miles on the rolling landscapes.It is an ecosystem that is largely affected by the seasonal droughts and fires are qui

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