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Summarize the Contributions of Emile Durheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx to the Field of Sociology
Summarize the contributions of Emile Durheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx to the field of sociology. Be sure to note any theoretical differences they may have had with one another .
The contributions of Emile Durheim , Max Weber and Karl Marx; they were the pioneers in the field of sociology .
Emile Durheim- (key)Behavior must be understood within larger social context
Developed a fundamental thesis to help explain all forms of society
-Anomie: loss of direction felt in a society when social control of individual behavior becomes ineffective
-Did not limit interest to one aspect
Max Weber-(key) To comprehend behavior, one must learn subjective meaning people attach to actions
Verstehen: understanding; insight
Ideal type: construct for evaluating specific cases
mile Durkheim and Max Weber never met and probably were unaware of each other’s existence
Karl Marx- Society divided between two classes that clash in pursuit of interests
Worked with Friedrich Engels
The Communist Manifesto
Working class should overthrow existing class system
Emphasized group identification and associations that influence one’s place in society
Three major theoretical perspectives that steamed from Emile , Max and Karl
Functionalist perspective ; closely related to Emile; emphasizes the way in which the parts of society are structured to maintain its stability .
Conflict perspective; best understood in this definition by Karl Marx
Interactionist perspective are mainly concerned with fundamental or everyday forms of interaction, including symbols and other types of non verbal communication
Theoretical differences they may had have had ; can be each ones individual ideas based on each ones key works . Karl Marx was influenced by Emile`s thinking about the impact of the division of labor in industrial societies but Weber`s ideas were opposed to the extreme way of thinking and more of a free easy going. There may be more solid theoretical differences they may have had .
Name Professorâ€™s name Course Date Sociology Sociology is the scientific study of human society and social interactions. The main aim of sociologists is to understand social situations and find repeating patterns in the society with the main focus being on the individual and not on the group. Sociologists attempt to comprehend the forces that mold individuals, shape their behavior and ultimately, determine social events (Macionis 78). There are various sociologists in the world today. However, the founding fathers of sociology are Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber. Their works were exquisite and notable in the sociology field. Emile Durkheim was a French sociolog