2019-02-09T12:53:53+00:00 work papers 2

starts with the view that love, like any other human phenomenon, can be fully 
experienced only if it is precisely and exhaustively understood

This paper concentrates on the primary theme of starts with the view that love, like any other human phenomenon, can be fully 
experienced only if it is precisely and exhaustively understood in which you have to explain and evaluate its intricate aspects in detail. In addition to this, this paper has been reviewed and purchased by most of the students hence; it has been rated 4.8 points on the scale of 5 points. Besides, the price of this paper starts from £ 40. For more details and full access to the paper, please refer to the site.

1. According to your instructor, philosophical analysis of love

a.starts with the view that love, like any other human phenomenon, can be fully 
experienced only if it is precisely and exhaustively understood.

b. is valuable only for philosophically minded people.

c.is bad because philosophical inquiry into such an emotionally laden subject as love 
will inevitably distort and damage our ability to love.

d. none of the above.

2. According to the readings and discussions in this course, formulating a definition of “love”

a.is impossible because every individual person has a different view of what love is.

b. can be done, but any such definition will be only subjectively valid, that is, it will 
apply only to the person making the definition.

c.is a matter of scientific precision, for such precise definitions are the subject matter 
of philosophical reflection on love.

d. none of the above.

3. According to the lectures and discussions in the course, it is reasonable to think that love

a.is an emotion.

b. is a relationship that normally involves intense emotion.

c.is fundamentally sexual in nature, even when the sexual dimension is not 
immediately apparent.

d. none of the above.

4. C. S. Lewis believes that

a.Need-love, the sort of affection that a frightened child has for his mother, is always 
selfish.

b. Need-love is bad and Gift-Love is good.

c.Gift-love is the sort of affection that focuses on benefiting someone else.

d. none of the above.

5. C. S. Lewis, thinks that, in order to value love properly, we should

a.“debunk” love by showing that apparently god-like instances of mystical passion or 
benevolence toward others actually are rooted in animal passions.

b. follow the principle that “the highest does not stand without the lowest,” and give 
each sort of love its proper place.

c. recognize that love—especially in its romantic erotic form—is the highest pursuit of human life and a form of spirituality in its own right rivaling traditional religion.

d. none of the above.

6. According to your instructor, when we say that eros is “object-directed,” we mean that

a.eros is rooted in desire, and desire is always focused on something that the desiring 
person does not have.

b. in erotic relationships people are drawn to non-living things just as much as to 
living persons.

c.people in the throes of erotic love tend to objectify their beloveds, that is, to treat 
the persons they love as things.

d. none of the above.

7. According to your instructor, Plato wrote theSymposiumas a conversation because

a. b. c. d.

8. Socrates’ a.

b. c.

d.

he realized that there is not any single true account of something as complex as erotic love.
he had not decided on his final view about erotic love, and he wanted to leave readers the opportunity to decide for themselves.

it allowed him to make Socrates look much smarter by contrasting him with silly speeches about love by the other people present at the party.
none of the above.

ladder of love in theSymposium
involves the view that all of human loves are modes of pursuing the ideal of Beauty, which is the real and full object of erotic desire.
implies that physical attraction to a single beloved is an inferior form of love. parallels Freud’s view that all forms of human loves are motivated by one basic sort of erotic desire.
none of the above.

9. Freud

a.prove that human beings can escape the limits of our biological nature.

b. are always in tension with our pursuit of happiness.

c.are the result of “sublimation” of fundamental psychic drives.

d. none of the above.

10. In analyzing the relationship between individual happiness and social constraints, Freud thinks that

a.we must be prepared to restrict gratification of sexual desire in order to manage living with other people.

b. “aim-inhibited loves” allow gratification of desires in ways modified to be socially acceptable.

c.repression is a psychically unsatisfactory way to deal with desires that are socially disapproved.

d. none of the above.

believes that the highest advances of human civilization or Culture

11. According to your instructor, the idea of the "soul-mate"

a.is the romantic idea that people in love relationships should be compatible with one 
another.

b. is the romantic ideal that for each person there is one unique love partner who will 
complete the person psychologically and spiritually.

c.often creates unreasonable expectations of satisfaction for romantic relationships, 
and therefore paradoxically decreases the commitment of romantic partners to one 
another.

d. none of the above.

12. According to your instructor, Simone de Beauvoir and Shulamith Firestone agree that

a.the popular idea of romantic love has the effect of oppressing women, insofar as it 
promotes the idea that women find their identity in relation to a man

b. the different experiences that men and women have in romantic relationships are 
rooted in male-female biological differences, particularly differences related to sex 
and procreation.

c.improvements in technology have largely freed women from the tyranny of biology.

d. none of the above.

13. Regarding the necessity and value of friendship,

a.Lewis says friendship is the "least necessary of loves," by which he means that we 
can live just fine without any friends.

b. Aristotle claims that since humans are social creatures, we naturally associate with 
others, and find that friends are central to the good life.

c.Cicero says that because a truly good person is self-sufficient, such a person will 
not have friends.

d. none of the above.

14. According to your instructor, Plato’sLysis

a.addresses the question, “How should you treat a beloved?” despite the fact that the 
main conversation is about friendship.

b. successfully establishes the truth of the claims that (1) friendship relationships are 
always based on utility and (2) friends cannot be likes, because persons who are 
similar have nothing to offer one another.

c.is an “aporetic” dialogue, which means that the arguments offered in it are not 
meant to be taken seriously.

d. none of the above.

15. Aristotle’s definition of friendship

a.focuses on the common activities that draw friends together, since friendship can be 
defined as “comradery”.

b. in terms of mutual goodwill means that there can be no such thing as “unrequited 
friendship.”

c.has the implication that having an attitude of goodwill or wanting good things for 
another person makes is sufficient to institute a friendship with that person.

d. none of the above.

16. According to your instructor’s account of Aristotle’s theory of the highest form of friendship, “perfect” or “virtuous” friendship,

a.it is wrong to claim that perfect or “best” friends are rare, because most modern Americans, on average, have approximately 10 such friends in a lifetime.

b. many of the people we regard as “best” friends are actually friends of pleasure.

c.true friends must always be equals (in power, in wealth, in social status, etc.).

d. none of the above.

17. According to your instructor, when Aristotle claims that a friend is “another yourself,” he means that

a.best friends are exact copies of one another.

b. the interests of a friend are subordinate to your own desires and interests.

c.friends can do together what neither can accomplish alone, or, as the old cliché 
says, “two heads are better than one.”

d. none of the above.

18. Cicero’s example of the person who makes much of his grief for a dead friend

a.is intended to illustrate the great degree of love and devotion a genuine friend ought 
to have.

b. reveals a friend who is more taken by his loss than he is concerned to honor the 
memory of his departed friend.

c.betrays the Stoic’s general indifference to matters over which he cannot control.

d. none of the above.

19. According to your instructor, Kant’s overall ethical system leads Kant to evaluate friendship as

a.an unqualified evil, because it is always motivated by “inclination” or self-love, and Kant believes that no action motivated by inclination can be morally good.

b. an unqualified good, because true friends benefit one another selflessly.

c.a bridge between the self-focus of inclination and the recognition of our moral duty 
to love and benefit others.

d. none of the above.

20. According to your instructor, Marilyn Friedman’s theory of friendship

a.is an endorsement of the classical liberal idea that we are autonomous individuals 
who establish relationships with others in a social context on the basis of choice 
alone.

b. recommends “dislocating the community” by pursuing revolutionary strategies to 
overthrow oppressive institutions and values.

c.seeks to balance the communitarian idea that we are free to establish relationships 
with whomever we please with the liberal idea that the power of government can 
enforce standards of fairness for all citizens.

d. none of the above.

21. According to St Paul’s discussion of charity in 1 Corinthians 13,

a.charity is manifested by character qualities of patience, generosity, and trust.

b. the mark of charity is when a person finds ways to help others while benefiting 
himself.

c.an act of great personal sacrifice counts as charity regardless of the person’s 
motivation in doing the act.

d. none of the above.

22. InThe Four Loves, C. S. Lewis cites St. Augustine’s claim that we should not love what we can lose in order to argue that

a. b. c.

d.

23. Thomas a.

b. c.

d.

all love requires vulnerability, as even God’s love for us demonstrates.
St. Augustine is right that happiness requires that we love God and God alone.
St. Augustine’s Stoic morality was more reasonable than his Christian commitment to love all persons.
none of the above.

Aquinas’s interpretation of charity in terms of friendship
reflects Thomas’s overall strategy of interpreting Christian theology in terms of the philosophy of Aristotle.
stresses the common life or fellowship that human beings can have with God. gives Thomas a way to account for how a person’s love for God implies an obligation to love other people as well.
none of the above.

24. According to your instructor, Kierkegaard’s assertion inWorks of Lovethat Christian love requires self-renunciation

a.is a development of the idea found in Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas that one must love oneself in the right way in order to be virtuous.

b. means that loves to which I would be naturally inclined are less that what Christianity demands.

c.illustrates that Kierkegaard himself was prone to despair and self-hatred.

d. none of the above.

25. According to your instructor, Bishop Joseph Butler argues that

a.all human action is motivated by self-love, which has to do with a person’s pursuit 
of happiness.

b. an individual’s self-love is almost always in conflict with benevolence, with the 
result that we have to seek to overcome self-love in order to satisfy the Christian 
commandment to love others.

c.happiness should not be understood in “zero-sum” terms.

d. none of the above


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