Case Study 3: A 78-year-old female presents to the emergency room after a fall 3 days ago. She recently had a right above-the-knee amputation and was leaning over to pick something up when she fell. She did not want to come to the hospital, but she is having difficulty managing at home because of the pain in her left leg where she fell. Her patient medical history reveals RAKA, peripheral vascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, and stage 3 chronic kidney disease. Current medications include quinapril 20 milligrams PO daily, Lantus 30 units at bedtime, and Humalog to scale before meals. There are no known drug allergies. The physical exam is negative and x-rays reveal no acute injuries. Laboratory studies reveal a normal white blood cell count: Hgb of 8 and HCT 24. The MCV is normal. Give an explanation of the diagnosis for the patient that you selected. Describe the role the patient history, physical exam, and lab reports played in the diagnosis. Finally, explain the pathophysiology of the type of anemia that you diagnosed, as well as potential treatment options. Include causes for this type of anemia. References Please all references should be less than 5 yrs Buttaro, T. M., Trybulski, J., Polgar Bailey, P., & Sandberg-Cook, J. (2013). Primary care: A collaborative practice (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
TYPES OF ANEMIA Name: Institutional Affiliation: Types of Anemia Diagnosis for the Patient As detailed in the case of the 78-year-old female who is presented to an emergency room after a recent amputation of the knee, it is essential to determine that the patient was suffering from Anemia of chronic disease (ACD). This type of anemia is also known as inflammatory response (Buttaro, Trybulski, Polgar, & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). In as much as this type of anemia is life-threatening, it is considered as protective and a natural mechanis