You must briefly present the current situation and the choices that led us to it; issues can cover passenger movements through public/private means and/or freight distribution. Then explain the benefits that sustainable transport policies and practices can have on the sector, particularly in an urban setting. Give examples and discuss the social, economic and environmental impacts that sustainable urban development and transport can have in a real context. You must support your arguments with references from key texts, journal papers, books and reports, as well as reliable news providers. Provide all references in a list and use the Harvard referencing system.
THE NEED FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORTATION Studentâ€™s Name: Professorâ€™s Name: Course Title: Date: Introduction Transport systems play a critical role in the development of urban areas especially by providing access for people to key services such health care, education, markets, employment, recreation among others. In particular, effective transport systems in developing world cities are one of the most crucial prerequisites for achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Therefore, enhanced mobility and access is a necessity and not an option to such cities. Cities with enhanced transport modes in a well-integrated system have a higher likelihood of prospering and evolving as important centres of commerce, education, education, trade, industry, tourism and other services. It is also common that cities which rank top in urban quality of life surveys have high quality and well-developed transport systems; these well-defined systems usually prioritise non-motorised and public means of transport. As cities across the globe continue to grow in terms of both size and population, they become active contributors to national GDPs. In many countries, cities are contributing as much as 80% or even more of the total GDPs of the respective countries. With increase in populations and also size, and the great and active role that the urban set ups play, there is an unmet demand for more and sustainable urban transportation â€“ b...