Sep 28, 2017 term paper 2

REFLECT ON WOODROW WILSON’S WARTIME LEADERSHIP. REMEMBERING THAT WILSON RAN FOR THE PRESIDENCY AS A

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Reflect on Woodrow Wilson’s wartime leadership. Remembering that Wilson ran for the presidency as a Progressive, assess whether or not he remained true to the tenets of Progressivism during his leadership of the war, especially with regard to wartime propaganda, and his crusade for the League of Nations after the hostilities ended. In doing so, pick one of the Fourteen Points and evaluate whether it should or should not be viewed as “Progressive” based on the definition of Progressivism from your chapter and your podcasts. Use at least two other documents to support your findings. Be sure to post at least three times.

This is a discussion board. Posts must be substantial. Also respond to each of the following excerpts.

EXCERPT 1(RC): During World War I, Woodrow Wilson showed many qualities that correlated toProgressivism. For example, his policies were always put into place for the goal of keeping the peace, and allowing the countries taken by Germany to be freed for democracy. He didn’t ask Congress to declare war for any selfish reasons as he states when he says, “we fight without rancor and without selfish object, seeking nothing for ourselves but what we shall wish to share with all free peoples” (6), but instead did so as a last resort following the numerous attacks by Germany on innocent submarines that made it clear staying only armed and neutral was no longer an option. Because of his efforts to only go into the war for reasons of peace, Wilson does portray himself as a progressive.

After looking through the propaganda posters that were posted in the PDF, it was noticeable that many of them have progressive ideals such as food conservation, allowing/encouraging women to participate in the war effort, and saying there won’t be peace while Germany is running wild trying to dominate the world. With the political cartoons on the other hand, while many believed that Wilson’s Fourteen Points were a sure way to rid the world of autocracy, some of the allies didn’t agree with it because unlike the U.S., they still believed in Imperialism and wanted spoils of war (aka Germany’s colonies). Also, many senators rejected the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations because they didn’t think it an American value to have diplomatic international foreign ties as stated when Senator Lodge states, “It is in conflict with the right of our people to govern themselves free from all restraint, legal or moral, of foreign powers” (16).

Finally, after the war was over, one of Wilson’s fourteen points–in fact the last of them–was to form a “League of Nations” that would ally together to prevent war, and handle disagreements in the public eye with diplomacy. However, many senators did not approve the League of Nations because they were worried that joining such an alliance would take away from their independence. This should however be viewed as Progressive because he was trying to form it in hopes of creating a more international peace.

EXCERPT 2(KC):

Throughout the beginning of his presidency, Wilson followed the progressive ideal closely. He lowered the tariff that was much hated by progressives and created the Federal Reserve act of 1913.He spent a lot of time fixing aspects of the economy with the Federal Trade Commission act and the Clayton anti trust Act, but soon he would have to change his ideals. Eventually he had to leave his progressive ways and was pushed towards the ways of New Nationalism. He improved the working conditions for many and was even able to avert a nationwide strike.

Before joining the war, Wilson made three attempts at peace. After he discovered a telegram offering Mexico its lost territory in Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico if they attacked the United States, he released the telegram and instructed the military to attack U-boats. Soon after, the United States joined the war. He knew how against the war the public was and hired “four-minute men” to promote support and created “Loyalty leagues.” This had the opposite affect and led to “100% americanism” which led to distrust of all immigrants, especially German Americans. Wilson’s 14 points follow a progressive ideal because a lot of them center around opening up opportunities for the countries to work together rather than closing everyone off from one another and putting up barriers. This is seen largely in his final point, the open association of nations, which required no secret associations or understandings of any kind and gave many countries the opportunities to work together to create a better world rather than creating barriers between the 


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