1. The text discusses several methods of studying human behavior. These include the case study, naturalistic observation, correlational research, survey research, and the experimental method. If you were going to design a study investigating the relationship between alcohol and violence, which of these methods would you choose and why? What would be the relative strengths and weaknesses of this study? What ethical considerations must be taken into account while undertaking this study? 2. What is the difference between negative and positive reinforcement? Describe two situations: one in which you have been positively reinforced and one in which you have been negatively reinforced. Be sure to identify the reinforcement and the target behaviors in your examples and discuss how you were reinforced. Include any shaping that occurred due to these reinforcements. What ethical considerations must be taken into account while undertaking this approach? 3. Which theory of psychological thought fits with your own thinking about psychology? Going back to Chapter 1, review the theories and discuss in detail how one or more theories help you to understand the roots of psychology. What have you learned about this theory or theories and how do they apply to your understanding of psychology? 4. Psychological disorders and their treatment are a fascinating area to study. Imagine you are now the counselor working with your first client who suffers with a severe anxiety disorder. Describe how you will identify the disorder through symptoms. What type of treatment will you use to help this person? Remember you can use a number of different treatment approaches. For your Final Project, you will synthesize the course material by answering the following questions. Responses should be three to five double-spaced pages in length. In completing this project, be sure to use specific examples and references from the text, as well as other print and electronic research sources.
Psychological theories Institution Date Q1. Correlational research in studying relationship between alcohol and violence In investigating the relationship between alcohol and violence, the primary task is to determine if the two phenomena are related. The main aim of the research is not to provide a cause and affect analysis but to determine the association between the two phenomena. Therefore, the most relevant method would be correlation research. Correlation determines the strength of the relationship between the two items. It could be positive, negative or no correlation at all (Goodwin, 2009).Â Correlation has both strengths and weaknesses. One of the advantages is that correlation method gives the researcher a way to explore question they would not determine through the use of experimental procedures. It broadens the scope of phenomena to enable psychologists to study it (Goodwin, 2009). Additionally, it is a quick and easy way of determining whether there is a relationship between two phenomena that is worth exploring. It also describes the strength of a relationship. Using correlation coefficient, one is able to determine the strength of a relationship between two va