Write THREE (3) essays from the following EIGHT (8) question topics.
You should aim for each essay to run approximately 1.5 pages in length (12pt, Times New Roman, double spaced, normal margins, etc). Each essay should articulate a coherent thesis statement in the intro paragraph, followed by supporting paragraphs (usually three), and finally a conclusion.
Please ensure you submit your exam as a single file (i.e. not as a separate file for each essay) and indicate at the start of each essay which question topic you are addressing.
Before submitting your work, you are also strongly encouraged to use the "Turn It In" service (under the Resources tab) to make sure you have not accidentally plagiarized any source. I will be submitting all your essays to "Turn It In" as a precaution, so you might as well save us both from any last minute drama at the end of the course.
1. Some authors contend that the dar-al-Islam became probably “the most prosperous and cosmopolitan society in the postclassical world.” What does this statement mean? What evidence is there for this statement? Do you agree or disagree, and why?
2. Stratified, class-specific, patriarchal societies emerged early in human history. First, discuss what key factors shaped those conditions. Second, analyze the roles of caste and gender in these societies: ancient Mesopotamia; early Aryan India; ancient China.
3. Discuss and analyze the significance of scientific and technological advancements in the development of world civilizations. You are free to pick any four (4) of the following civilizations: Mesopotamia (Sumer to New Babylonia), Ancient Egypt, Han or Song China, Classical/Hellenistic Greece, the Romans (imperial period), the Maya, the Abbasid Dynasty.
4. Compare the forces driving political, economic, social, and technological change in post-classical Europe with the forces driving political, economic, social, and technological change in post-classical China. Did Europe benefit most from increased contacts with the east or from internal developments? Similarly, did China benefit most from external contacts or from internal developments?
5. What were the contributions of both Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo to world history? How do the experiences of these men reflect the dynamic of cross-cultural interaction from 1000-1500CE, and how is this process different than earlier periods, namely the classical era?
6. In a well-conceived essay, consider how the increased period of cross-cultural interaction during the 15th century impacted the creation of a truly global sense of the world, where basically all geographical regions were interconnected. In other words, why is 1500 the end date of this course? What is different about the world before 1500 and after 1500?
7. Describe and analyze the social structure of both the Inca and the Mexica empires. In addition to describing social stratifications, discuss how and why each society regarded children and slaves. How did these social structures compare to other post-classical civilizations?
8. Discuss the significance of the Crusades as a cross-cultural event. Why were the Crusades initially launched, and what were the most important long-term legacies of the Crusades in the development of post-classical history?
Essay Student: Professor: Course title: Date: Question 2: Stratified, class-specific, patriarchal societies emerged early in human history. Stratification and patriarchy was common in early societies. People were very class specific and would only associate themselves with people from a similar class. There are several factors that led to the development of this phenomenon. Firstly, resources were very limited and every member of society wanted to have a share of the scarce resources. With the rise of capitalism where people only had self-interests to the exclusion of others, competition arose. Stratification and class specific, therefore, came about as people divided themselves into groups based on the amount of wealth amassed. There were three classes of people. At the very top there were the rich who controlled majority of the resources (Cashmore, 2010). They owned most of the resources and had power and influence. The second category was the middle class. This group had amassed some wealth, but not enough to get them to the very top. They had enough to live decent lives but not to