Read "The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research" (1979): http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/belmont.html Write a 1,250-1,500 word paper that addresses the significance of autonomy, patient advocacy, and informed consent. Your paper should include: 1.A description of the concepts of autonomy, patient advocacy, and informed consent. 2.A discussion of the Nuremberg Code and the Declaration of Helsinki and a summary of the events that led up to the development of ethical guidelines for conducting human clinical trials, including Institutional Review Boards (IRB). 3.Three examples of ways "The Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research" works to protect special populations (e.g., minors, prisoners, persons with mental illness). A minimum of three references are required. Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
Patient Advocacy and Autonomy Name Institution Patient Advocacy and Autonomy The Belmont Report was first published in 1979 by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (Department of Health, 2014). The report outlines ethical framework to be used by researchers regarding human involvement in research. It is a reference document used as a guide outlining some of the basic ethical `principles in relation to research (Department of Health, 2014). Belmont Report provides specific guidelines to be followed according to the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research to ensure that research is conducted in accordance with the set principles. The Belmont Report outlines the three main principles to be considered that are accepted; these are autonomy, patient advocacy, and informed consent (Department of Health, 2014). Autonomy is the process of being capable of making decisions about personal goals and acting in relation to these decisions. According to the report, an individual who cannot make decisions for themselves due to illness needs to be protected by the society even if it involves the process of excluding them from harmful activities (The Belmont Report, 2001). The exclusion process needs to be determined by the potential risk of harm versus the probability of the benefits involved. Autonomy entails valuing human dignity in a situation where the abili...