Aug 11, 2017

Is the desire of so many countries to join the European Union evidence of the success of European integration?

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MODULE ASSESSMENT ESSAYS

INSTRUCTIONS:
Please inform me asap which two you have chosen so i can give you further information. 2012 Semester B Essay titles You must choose two of these titles to write 1500 – 2000 word assessment essays for this module. 1. Is the desire of so many countries to join the European Union evidence of the success of European integration? 2. What is meant by “flexibility” in the labour market and what does it imply for unemployment in the EU? 3. Should the EU act to protect workers from social dumping? 4. What are the objectives of the Common Agricultural Policy? How successful has the European Union been in achieving these objectives? 5. “On average each citizen contributes around 2 euros a week to finance the CAP. This is hardly a high price to pay for a healthy supply of food and a living countryside.” (Europa). How satisfactory is the present CAP? 6. “The move to a common currency will force flexibility on the labour market.” Discuss. 7. “The West European economy has become more dynamic through integration.” Discuss. 8. Does the ECB`s policy of price stability conflict with the desire for economic growth? 9. Why does the possibility of asymmetric shocks cause difficulties for a monetary union? 10. Discuss the economic impacts of migration within the European Union. 11. German Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich has said that Greece would have better chances of economic recovery if it left the euro zone. "Greece`s chances to regenerate itself and become competitive are surely greater outside the monetary union than if it remains in the euro area," Chancellor Angela Merkel made clear that she disagrees. Discuss the opposing views. 12. Harvard economist Kenneth Rogoff, says it was a mistake to bring all the southern European countries into the common currency. He also argues that Greece should be granted a "sabbatical" from the euro. Discuss this proposition. 13. George Soros considers the German government`s policies in the euro crisis to be disastrous. He warns of a vicious circle triggered by Chancellor Angela Merkel`s strict austerity measures and pleads for more money to be pumped into the countries most plagued by the debt crisis. How far do you agree? 14. According to George Soros, “the new austerity guidelines for countries like Spain, Italy or Greece create a vicious circle. The deficit countries have to improve their competitive position vis-a-vis Germany, so they will have to cut their budget deficits and reduce wages. In a weak economy, profit margins will also be under pressure. This will reduce tax revenues and require further austerity measures, creating a vicious circle. Markets do not correct their own excesses. Either there is too much demand or too little. This is what the economist John Maynard Keynes explained to the world, except that he is not listened to by some people in Germany. But Keynes explained it very well -- when there is a deficiency of demand, you have to use public policy to stimulate the economy”. How far do you agree?
CONTENT:
MODULE ASSESSMENT ESSAYSStudent Name:Course:Instructor:Institution:Date Due: ESSAY ONE (NUMBER FOUR)What are the objectives of the Common Agricultural Policy? How successful has the European Union been in achieving these objectives?The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been responsible for regulating agricultural activities in the European Union and despite its success it has also been one of the complex, and controversial farm policy of all time. The CAP was established through the Treaty of Rome in the year 1957, with the aim of progressive creation of a common market as well as harmonization of the economic policies directly affecting agriculture among the initial six member states which included West Germany, France, the Netherlands, Italy, Luxembourg and Belgium which were the original signatories (Baldwin and Wyplosz, 2006). Since then the European Union has undergone an extensive expansion but CAP has retained its aim and objectives irrespective of the considerable reforms that have already been done on it. Since the inception of CAP up to now it has been capturing a great share of the EU budget. However, as a result of changing dynamics of economy, global market and climate, since the early 1990s the CAP has undergone substantial reforms, reflecting changing political priorities and societal demands (Fennell, 1997).These reforms in agriculture include lowering prices, ensuring food quality and safety as well as assuring stability of farmers` incomes. Other reforms are involved on issues of animal welfare, environmental pollution, and finding alternative income opportunities for farmers. In particular, there are the Agenda2000 reforms which prioritised on rural development and farmers support. There is also the decoupling reform of 2003 that were aimed at eliminating subsidies in some crops in order to promote production of others. In addition, there was also the sugar regime reform of (2005–2006) aimed at subsidizing sugar produced from sugar beet in order to promote their cultivation (Baldwin and Wyplosz, 2006).Despite this background the CAP, this policy has also continued to be a hotly contested area mainly due to its greater extent of budgetary allocations and also because it has been the greatest user of community funds in the European Union. The main objectives of CAP were fixed in the year 1957 in the Treaty of Rome and are outlined in Article 63 of the treaty (Baldwin and Wyplosz, 2006). Hence these objectives are; (a) increasing agricultural productivity through promotion of technical progress and making sure there is rational development of agricultural production as well as ensuring that factors of production are optimally utilised, particularly labour; (b) to ensure that the agricultural community has a fair standard of living, specifically by increasing the earnings of individual persons involved in agriculture; (c) stabilising markets; (d) assuring the farmers the availability of supplies; (e) ensuring that food supplie...


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