Jul 22, 2017 Research papers

How Worldwide Criminal Justice Systems Handled the Crime

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How Worldwide Criminal Justice Systems Handled the Crime

INSTRUCTIONS:

Identify the current crimes and criminal issues that impact the criminal justice system on a global basis. Write a 1400 word paper that addresses the following: Describe what worldwide criminal justice systems are doing to address the criminal issues you identified. Find and summarize a news story covering either a cybercrime or a terrorism-related crime that occurred within the last 2 years that had a worldwide impact. Discuss how worldwide criminal justice systems handled the crime. Provide your opinion on the effectiveness of the systems` response and include suggestions for future responses to combat or prevent these crimes. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

CONTENT:
Global Crimes IssueNameCourse numberInstructor’s nameAn emerging trend shows increasing forms of crime occurring across borders. The new trends pose a challenge to agencies that control crime such as police, courts and corrections agencies across the globe. The inception of transnational crimes and its impact involves more than one country. Some of the common transnational crimes include drug trafficking, trafficking in stolen property, counterfeiting, human trafficking, cybercrime and fraud, commercialized vices sex and gambling, racketeering, money laundering and corruption (Dammer & Albanese, 2011). Some forms of transnational crime are increasingly difficult to trace and stop due to the use of technology. It is particularly rampant for cybercrimes and other computer related fraudulent activities. Countries require vigilance to prevent their occurrence as well as cooperation in their investigation, prosecution and sentencing. Transnational crimes are estimated cost to a minimum of 3.6 percent of the global economy. For example, the UN agency that deals with drugs and crime estimated that the cost of transnational crime is at 2.1 trillion including tax evasion and money laundering (Watson, 2014). It also indicates that money laundering accounts for two percent of gross domestic product losses in the global economy. Another report indicates that loss of life associated with drug trafficking is on the increase particularly in the western hemisphere countries such as Mexico. Others like counterfeit medicine result in greater health risks such as development of drug resistant virus strains and environmental crimes such as illegal logging have detrimental effects on the environment (Council on Foreign Relations, 2013). Worldwide criminal justice systems such as the UN recognize that the scope of transnational crime requires global coordination of resources to address its root causes. The establishment on Drugs and Crime was created in 1997 to combat transnational crime issues such as terrorism, corruption and human trafficking (Watson, 2014). The UN has also successfully enacted international conventions that allow mutual investigation of crimes across borders in detecting and punishing transnational criminals. There is a successful specific country cooperation between Guatemala and the UN. The cooperation has successfully assisted the country to investigate, prosecute and judge transnational criminals and the associated corrupt enablers. Relinquishing such powers presents opportunities for success in other parts of the world to combat transnational crimes while empowering the domestic legal systems to no longer require UN support in the future (Council on Foreign Relations, 2013). The criminal justice system to combat some forms of transnational crimes also involves civil society. For example, since tackling environmental crimes such as poaching and illegal logging through enforcement is challenging there is need to engage a multifacete...


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