Answers should demonstrate depth of knowledge and understanding, not simply repeat back the course material, and be specific – answers that are vague will not score well. For each question, use as much space as required, but as a general guide please provide an answer of approximately one single-spaced page per question. You should use a diverse collection of supporting materials to support your answer, but be sure to cite in-text ALL material paraphrased or quoted and provide a Works Cited list at the end of the exam. Spelling and grammar will only be a factor in your grade if they are truly noteworthy (in a bad way). Good luck!
1. How has Globalization affected cities? Consider the impact in terms of economic, demographic, and social changes.
2. How do race and ethnicity affect urban politics? Provide examples of racial discrimination, cooperation, and competition, and whether it is still relevant in the modern era.
3. Discuss the tensions that exist between cities, between cities and states, and between the national government and states. Also, address what may affect the future opportunities and challenges in these relationships.
Name Course Instructor Date Urban Politics How has Globalization affected cities? Consider the impact in terms of economic, demographic, and social changes. The economic dimension to globalization has affected cities, since there is increasedeconomic integration and interdependency. However, the more educated people and those owning factors of production have benefited the most from globalization. The economies of countries and cities are complex more than ever before, and cities are centers of global trade (Paun 160). Even though, cities have thrived under globalization, there are workers from the developing countries who are exploited by their employers and are paid slave wages. There has also been a widening gap in the wealth, as those lacking marketable skills have migrated to cities with the hope of better economic opportunities, but they are stuck in lowly paid jobs. Globalization has resulted in rapid urbanization with many people increasingly immigrating from rural areas into urban areas. This is particularly for the major cities that attract immigrants for diverse countries. Immigration has in turn c