Jul 16, 2017 Research papers

How does the RN use the nursing process to make decisions about the priority of care?

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Application of the Nursing Process Paper


M6A3: Application of the Nursing Process Paper

Using APA format, the information from this course, and your assigned readings write a six (6) to ten (10) page paper (excludes cover and reference page) addressing the application of the nursing process to a patient care scenario. Use these directions and the scoring rubric as you develop the paper. Outlines and abstracts are NOT required with this paper. Do not include the scenario in the paper

A minimum of three (3) current professional references must be provided excluding a nursing diagnosis book. Current references include professional publications or valid and current websites dated within five (5) years. Additionally, a textbook that is no more than one (1) edition old may be used. Do not use abbreviations…write out everything.

The paper consists of three (3) parts:

1. The meaning and use of the nursing process in making good nursing judgments that effect patient care

2. The development of a plan of care using the nursing process for a specific patient situation

3. The preparation stage for a teaching plan to prevent a recurrence of a similar situation

The following sheet will assist you when composing the plan of care for the paper: Overview of the Nursing Process.

Part 1 (3-4 pages)

Review the required readings about the nursing process. In your own words, define each step of the process and provide an example for each step.

In the implementation step, what is meant by direct and indirect care as described by the Nursing Intervention Classification (NIC) project?

Discuss the three (3) types of nursing interventions (nurse-initiated, dependent, and interdependent) that applies to the patient care situation. Provide an example of each (refer to your textbook).

Explain how the nursing process provides the basis for the registered nurse to make a nursing judgment that results in safe patient care with good outcomes.

Discuss how the registered nurse evaluates the overall use of the nursing process. Identify three (3) variables that may influence the ability to achieve the desired outcomes for the patient.

How is the plan of care modified when the outcomes are not met?

How does the RN use the nursing process to make decisions about the priority of care?

Part 2 (3 pages)

Patient scenario

A 78-year-old man is living in an assisted living facility. He is able to walk very short distances and uses a wheelchair to transport himself to the communal dining room. He administers his own medications independently and bathes himself. Over the last year he prefers to remain in the wheelchair even when in his room. He has a history of CHF, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and lower extremity weakness. He is able to state his current medications include metoprolol (Lopressor) 50 mg once daily by mouth, furosemide (Lasix) 20 mg once daily by mouth, Quinapril (Acupril) 20 mg once daily by mouth, atorvastatin (Lipitor) 20 mg once daily by mouth. During a routine examination, his physician noted a pressure ulcer over the ischium on the right buttocks. The wound is oval about 10mm x 8 mm, with red and yellow areas in the middle and black areas on some surrounding tissue. It has a foul odor. The patient had been padding the area so “it doesn’t get my pants wet”. The physician arranged for him to be admitted to the hospital in order for intravenous antibiotic therapy and wound care to be initiated. After being admitted to the hospital his medications are: metoprolol (Lopressor )50 mg orally every 12 hours, furosemide (Lasix ) 40mg once daily by mouth, quinapril HCl (Accupril) 40 mg once daily by mouth, cefazolin (Ancef)1.5 Grams in 50 mL 0.9 % Normal Saline intravenously three times a day. The result of the wound culture identified Methicilin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. After a surgical debridement of the black tissue a SilvaSorb® (antimicrobial gel) dressing was ordered daily.

Develop a Plan of Nursing Care for this patient that includes all steps of the nursing process:

• One (1) actual NANDA-I nursing diagnosis statement addressing the priority problem the patient is experiencing. You need to provide the entire nursing diagnosis statement. For example: Acute pain, related to tissue trauma, as evidenced by patient rating pain at 7 on the 0-10 verbal pain scale. Provide a rationale, with evidence, why this nursing diagnosis is the priority for this patient.

• What is the assessment data that supports the use of this nursing diagnosis? These are the assessments you will collect to determine if the patient has this nursing diagnosis. For example: Will assess the patient`s pain using the 0-10 verbal pain scale.

• One (1) expected outcome (realistic, measureable and contains a time frame). that addresses the diagnosis and meets the criteria for an expected patient outcome. Discuss whether the outcome is a cognitive, psychomotor, affective or physiologic outcome. Discuss why the time frame selected for the evaluative criteria was selected. Use evidence as the basis for the time frame and criteria. You need to be specific to this particular patient. For example: Patient will rate pain at 3 on the 0-10 verbal pain scale. Of course, you would also need to answer the rest of the items in this section.

• Four (4) nursing interventions that includes at least one (1) nurse-initiated, one (1) dependent, one (1) interdependent intervention. Label your interventions as above. Provide a rationale for each intervention that is evidence-based. Lastly, your interventions must be able to move the patient toward the achievement of the outcome. Select interventions, you as the RN can perform, that could reduce the pain and provide the rationale as to why; be sure they are evidence-based. For example: Teach patient guided imagery to distract attention and reduce tension.

Part 3 (1-2 pages)

To assist the patient in preventing a recurrence of a similar incident once he returns to the assisted living environment, the RN needs to develop a teaching plan. Use the nursing process to consider the information the RN would need prior to development of the plan. Respond to the following and be able to support your answers. You will not be developing a teaching-learning plan but demonstrating using the teaching-learning process to prepare for an individualized plan.

• How does the RN decide the format of the teaching plan, i.e., written, verbal, or other?

• How does the RN know which information needs to be included?

• When does the RN determine how and when to evaluate the teaching-learning process?

Compose your work using a word processor (or other software as appropriate) and save it frequently to your computer. Use a 12 font size, double space your work and use APA format for citations, references, and overall format.


Application of the Nursing Process Paper Name Course Instructor Date [1] The nursing process The nursing process utilizes an organized framework to guide nursing practice while also providing holistic patient care. The first step in nursing process is assessment, which takes into account collection and analysis of data to provide nursing care. This mainly includes physiological, but also psychological, spiritual, socio-economic as well as lifestyle factors. This is followed by diagnosis, which is clinical judgment on a client’s response to potential health needs and conditions. The diagnosis is the starting point in nursing care plan, and planning is the next step that is based on outcomes. Planning is also related to setting goals on what is to be accomplished by identifying the diagnoses. The nurse then utilize the first three phases to help in implementing nursing care, resulting in undertaking nursing interventions and the plan. The last nursing step is the evaluation phase, where nurses establish whether the set goals have been met to ensure patient wellness. Direct and indirect care The Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) describes and categorizes the interventions undertaken by practicing nurses into direct and indirect care. Direct care relates to the treatments that are undertaken when there are interactions with patients. Direct patient care includes taking the patients’ vital signs and providing emergency aid On the other hand, indirec...

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