Written Assignment 3
Research three (3) past volcanic eruptions worldwide.
For this assignment, prepare and submit an essay of between 1,250 and 1,750 words (with a typical font and spacing this will be between 5 and 7 pages in length) identifying:
harmful impacts on populations and critical infrastructure, including primary health impacts that occurred in nearby communities,
the damage to critical infrastructure and resultant impact on local populations,
agency response (governmental or private agencies) and ethical dimension,
the psychological and economic damage resulting from the eruptions,
your opinion as to the communities’ current readiness to protect populations and infrastructure from similar eruptions in the future.
Please cite at least seven (7) credible references. Much of this information can be obtained from government Internet sites, historic news articles, and research studies.
All citations included in your assignment must follow APA guidelines.
Volcanic Eruptions in the World Name: Institution: Course Title: Instructor: Date: Volcanic eruptions and impact on community and economy Mount Tambora explosion The Mount Tambora volcanic eruption occurred in 1815 and recorded as the largest ever explosion (Singh, 2013). This eruption recorded a Volcanic Explosivity Index of 7, thus a super-colossal volcano. Moreover, the Mount Tambora volcano is located on the Sumbawa Island, and still active. It is also one of the highest peaks in the Indonesian archipelago. The eruption was so loud that it was heard more than 1200 miles away (Gunn, 2008). The explosion caused the death of roughly 71,000 people, as well as clouds heavy ash dropping on far-way islands. The Mount Tambora eruption had harmful impacts on populations and critical infrastructure, including primary health impacts (Gunn, 2008). For instance, estimated 11,000-12,000 people were destroyed directly by the explosion of Tambora. In addition, the eruption led to tsunami waves of up to 4 metres that struck several Indonesian islands, further augmenting the death number. Eruptive fallout damaged agricultural productivity resulting to famine and diseases that caused deaths. The eruption had damage to critical infrastructure with resultant impact on local populations. The Mount Tambora volcano spewed out towers of fire and terrific cloud of ash and gas into the air (Sanchez, 2013). The eruption continued for over three days where lava and ash damaged the isl...