Instructions to candidates:
allowed: Three hours (plus an extra ten minutes’ reading time at the start – do
not write anything during this time)
Answer any FIVE questions
questions carry equal marks. Marks for each question are shown in [ ]
Explain what a contents bill is and set out the key techniques used in writing a contents bill.
Draft a contents bill of your choice utilising the following information:
world last night agreed a historic climate deal aimed at driving greenhouse gas
emissions down from the current 46bn tons a year to almost zero within 50
years. If fulfilled, it would see 195 signatory countries weaning themselves
off fossil fuels completely within just a few decades.’ 
Analyse the main legal traps that a sub-editor will need to ensure they are
aware of. 
Review the steps that a sub-editor will typically take when editing pictures.
Caption writing is a key skill to have. Analyse the main issues that should be
taken into account when writing captions. Support your answer with examples.
Distinguish between direct and oblique approaches to deadline composition.
Support your answer by giving an example of EACH approach based on the
following information that you have been given:
Blizzard in Cumbria in the UK yesterday
Follows a week of flooding
Floods left towns badly damaged
turned to snow last night
100,000 without electricity
power cuts since the 1970’s 
Evaluate the contribution of focal points in page design. Illustrate your
answer with examples. 
Analyse the role of the news editor in a newsroom. 
Publishing letters from readers is an everyday part of modern newspaper
practice. However, care must be taken in publishing these letters. Review the
main issues that should be considered.