Jul 20, 2017

Environmental Issues Causing Biodiversity Loss

This paper concentrates on the primary theme of Environmental Issues Causing Biodiversity Loss in which you have to explain and evaluate its intricate aspects in detail. In addition to this, this paper has been reviewed and purchased by most of the students hence; it has been rated 4.8 points on the scale of 5 points. Besides, the price of this paper starts from £ 40. For more details and full access to the paper, please refer to the site.

Environmental Issues Causing Biodiversity Loss

INSTRUCTIONS:

I need a 10-12 page paper based on an outline prepared in a previous week`s assignment. The outline and final assignment instructions are attached along with the pdf files of the 3 Ashford resources. Only 3 of the 6 resources needed to be from the Ashford library. The instructor said I do not have my resources formatted to APA standard correctly, so if you could help in that area as well, it would be greatly appreciated. I have to turn in the paper by midnight, Monday, 10 Nov, but would like a few hours to look it over.

 

Environmental Issues Causing Biodiversity Loss

  1. Introduction and Thesis:
    1. Preview your main points (Hint, you should have four).

Human activity is challenging the planet’s environmental sustainability, threatening its   ability to sustain current and future generations. At least 40 percent of the world’s             economy and 80 percent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources.     In addition, the richer the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change. Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, a larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops, greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms, and healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters. So, while we dominate this planet, we still need to preserve the diversity in wildlife. For this to happen, government intervention is necessary.

 

  1.  
    1. Introduce your thesis statement.

Policies that effectively and efficiently address these environmental issues needs to be developed to prevent the loss of biodiversity.

 

  1.     II.            Environmental Challenges/Problems:
  1.  
    1. Identify your issue and describe three environmental challenges/problems associated with your issue.

Human activity is challenging the planet’s environmental sustainability by altering habitats, polluting the air and water and overexploiting resources, thereby causing a significant shift in our climate. The three environmental problems that will be discussed that have had a great impact on the loss of biodiversity are the alteration and loss of habitats, pollution, and climate change.

 

  1.  
    1. Include sources that support your points.

“The rate of biodiversity loss due to human activity in the last 50 years has been more rapid than at any other time in human history, and many of the drivers of biodiversity loss are increasing, including habitat loss, overexploitation, invasive species, climate change, and pollution, including pollution from reactive

nitrogen (Nr),” (Porter, E. et al, 2013). Habitat destruction and fragmentation cause species loss, accelerated due to simultaneous invasions by other species, climate change, overexploitation, and habitat deterioration, (Krauss et al., 2010).

 

 

  1.  III.            Direct/Indirect Environmental Values:
  1.  
    1. Explain which direct/indirect environmental values are impacted by the three environmental challenges/problems associated with your issue.

Direct values of utilitarian and ecosystem services are impacted by the environmental issues. An indirect value, intrinsic value, for medical potential discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change, is threatened by the loss of biodiversity.

 

  1.  
    1. Include sources that support your points.

“Ecosystems deliver multiple services and many involve trade-offs in that increasing supply of one reduces supply of another. Carbon sequestration through afforestation or forest protection may enhance timber production but reduce water supplies,” (Cardinale et al., 2012). Clearing land for farming, residences, etc, enhances food production and quality of life, but destroys the natural habitat causing species loss, (Krauss et al., 2010).

 

  1. Policy Recommendation and Analysis:
    1. Recommend a policy that will effectively and efficiently address the three environmental challenges/problems associated with your issue.

USAID Biodiversity Policy. This Policy represents a recommitment of USAID to conserve biodiversity through strategic actions to reduce threats and drivers, as well as a new focus on integrating biodiversity conservation with other development sectors.

 

  1.  
    1. Discuss the social, political, economic, and environmental pros/cons of implementing your policy recommendation.

An economic con of policy implementation is a growing consensus recognizes that development cannot be sustainable if it results in the degradation of the natural capital that supports economic activity and progress in other areas such as public health, food security, and resilience to climate change.

Also, a pro (if agreed upon) and con (if no agreement) is that cooperation is needed; partnerships with the private sector and nontraditional allies are essential to sustainably address biodiversity loss from activities such as infrastructure development and mining. (USAID Biodiversity Policy, 2014).

According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), it requires federal agencies to integrate environmental values into their decision-making processes by considering the environmental impacts of their proposed actions and reasonable alternatives to those actions.

 

  1.  
    1. Include sources that support your points.

“Climate change affects the distribution and abundance of vulnerable species with changes in temperature, precipitation, seasonal patterns, and ocean conditions shifting suitable habitat. Human communities without sustainable climate change adaptation options can put pressure on ecosystems, resulting in further degradation,” (USAID Biodiversity Policy, 2014).

 

  1. Conclusion:
    1. Review your main points and overall argument/thesis.

Anthropogenic events has challenged the planet’s environmental sustainability, threatening its ability to sustain current and future generations by altering habitats, polluting the air and water and overexploiting resources, ultimately causing climate change. Biodiversity is essential for maintaining balance and allowing for opportunities for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change. One policy that would seem to effectively address environmental issues affecting biodiversity is the USAID Biodiversity Policy. However, there are several economic, political, social and environmental challenges that delay progress; one such issue is that development cannot be sustainable if it results in the degradation of the natural capital that supports economic activity and progress in other areas such as public health, food security, and resilience to climate change. Policy development, implementation and enforcement is crucial for the preservation of biodiversity and the health of future generations.

 

  1.  
    1. Closing

Progress has been made towards understanding how the loss of biodiversity affects the functioning of ecosystems and thus affects society. With policy implementation and cooperation amongst industry/government/individuals, the minimizing of pollution, reducing exploitation and the sustainment and enhancement of natural habitats will preserve the environment, aiding in the reduction of climate change affecting all life on earth. 

CONTENT:

Environmental Issues Causing Biodiversity Loss Kimberly V. Adams POL310: Environmental Policies Instructor Dr. John T. Ackerman Date of Submission Environmental Issues Causing Biodiversity Loss Introduction Human activity is challenging the planet’s environmental sustainability, threatening its ability to sustain current and future generations. At least 40 percent of the world’s economy and 80 percent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources. In addition, the richer the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change. Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, a larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops, greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms, and healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters. So, while we dominate this planet, we still need to preserve the diversity in wildlife. For this to happen, government intervention is necessary. Policies that effectively and efficiently address these environmental issues needs to be developed to prevent the loss of biodiversity. This paper seeks to identify and exemplify environmental issues related to loss of biodiversity and policy changes needed to address them. To achieve this, the paper will examine ex...



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