Describe the pathophysiological mechanisms of chronic asthma and acute asthma exacerbation. Be sure to explain the changes in the arterial blood gas patterns during an exacerbation.
Explain how the factor you selected might impact the pathophysiology of both disorders. Describe how you would diagnose and prescribe treatment for a patient based on the factor you selected.
Construct two mind maps—one for chronic asthma and one for acute asthma exacerbation.
Include the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation, as well as the diagnosis and treatment you explained in your paper.
Asthma Name Institutional Affiliation Asthma Introduction Lang, Erzurum, and Kavu (2010) describe asthma as a chronic, episodic illness that affects the airways that are best addressed as a syndrome. Asthma exacerbation is highly influenced by a lower airway caused by various environmental conditions (Wark & Gibson, 2006). The characteristics of asthma entail episodic symptoms and variations in airflow obstruction that occurs in a spontaneous manner or are instigated as a response to the prevailing environmental condition. Arterial blood gas sampling facilitates a superior investigation that focuses on the patient’s acid-base status. The test is among the first tests that are carried out in a situation where the patient has an exacerbation of asthma because it shows the oxygen and ventilation that are affected by the condition (Padmavathi, Sumangali, & Subash, 2013). Pathophysiology of acute asthma exacerbation All asthma patients risk and are vulnerable to the development of acute severe asthma (ASA). The condition is a life-threatening disease that leads to imminent acute severe respiratory failure or even death. Acute asthma is exacerbated by environ