Jul 21, 2017

Define language and lexicon

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Define language and lexicon


• Define language and lexicon. • Evaluate the key features of language. • Describe the four levels of language structure and processing. • Analyze the role of language processing in cognitive psychology. Also, please use text from class as a reference, Galloti, Kathleen (2014). Cognitive Psychology In and Out of the Laboratory (5th Ed.). Retrieved from the University of Phoenix ebook

LanguageStudent:Professor:Course title:Date:Language1.0 Language and LexiconLanguage is an intricate process and a form of communication, which is incorporated with thoughts. In essence, the communication of thoughts is via the method of language. Language is understood as a system that is used to communicate or express feelings and thought through written symbols or speech sounds. It is the communicative system that is utilized by a given speech community with its unique grammar, vocabulary, as well as phonological system (Dale, 2009). Language is generally arbitrary, communicative, dynamic, generative, communicative and structured. Lexicon, on the other hand, is understood as the vocabulary of a language – an individual’s lexical knowledge, and it is a mental dictionary. Lexicon is essentially more along the lines of what written symbols or speech sounds connote in a language. A lexicon consists of many representations of known words and those representations comprise pronunciation, spelling, as well as part of speech for every word (Galloti, 2014). A lexicon assists an individual in a matching process of spoken words and the meaning of those words. As such, people recognize words through this matching process given that spoken words are comparable to lexicon, which is basically a mental dictionary. It is of note that a lexicon is an important facet that is vital for a person’s use of language. If an individual does not know the lexicon of a language, then he or she cannot possibly know the language. It is of note that every culture in the world has its own lexicon and language (Dale, 2009). 2.0 Key features of languageLanguage is Arbitrary: this implies that there is no intrinsic or innate relation between the words of a given language and their connotations or the ideas that they convey. For instance, there is no particular reason as to why a female adult human being is referred to as Femine in French, Zen in Persian, Aurat in Urdu, and woman in English (Dale, 2009). The selection of a word chosen to signify a certain idea or thing is merely arbitrary but the moment a given word is chosen for a certain referent, it comes to remain that way. It is of note that had language not been arbitrary, then toda...

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