Jul 18, 2017 Research papers

Benner`s Novice to Expert Theory in nursing practice

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Benner`s Novice to Expert Theory in nursing practice


1, Provide substantive comments that include a focus on the application of the theory as a framework for practice (general or specific, basic or advanced). 2, Comment on the usefulness of Benner`s work in your present or future role. Provide several examples.

Benner`s work is based on the work of two brothers, one a mathematician and one a philosopher who developed the Dreyfus model of skill acquisition. Both brothers played chess, but only one became a true master of the game. It was an attempt to understand this difference, which led to their theory proposing that expertise is only achieved through experience and holistic integration. Moreover, they theorized that this process results in personal knowing, which cannot be explained by cognitive knowledge alone (Dreyfus & Dreyfus, 1986). Expert practice is situational and more than application of rules; specifically, expert practice develops over time as nurses encounter patients and are involved in authentic human transactions (Alligood and Tomey, 2006).

Benner`s Research

Benner`s research was started in the early l970s and continues to this day. Initially, Benner set out to identify domains and competencies of nursing practice by interviewing nurses regarding their practice and observing practice. Much of her work has continued to be in the identification of the domains and competencies of basic and advanced practice nursing. The initial domains of basic nursing practice, as listed in Alligood and Tomey (2006, p. 133), are:

1.      The helping role

2.      The teaching-coaching function

3.      The diagnostic and patient-monitoring function

4.      Effective management of rapidly changing situations

5.      Administering and monitoring therapeutic interventions and regimens

6.      Monitoring and ensuring the quality of health care practices

7.      Organizational and work-role competencies


Benner`s Novice to Expert Theory in nursing practice Name Course Instructor Date Benner`s Novice to Expert Theory The theory is applicable given that nurses first need to develop skills that enable them to be competent, whereby education and experiences improve competency. As such, in nursing practice using knowledge gained to improve skills is more relevant that having theoretical background where one has little or no experience. In other words, using practical knowledge and relying on research show that before one becomes an expert they have to acquire the right skills and utilize them (Neary, 2001). Even though, every role in the health


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